Defining Mentorship in Prehospital Care: A Qualitative Analysis of the Characteristics of Prehospital Mentors

Cheryl Cameron

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32378/ijp.v3i2.135

Abstract

Introduction

This study sought to begin to define the current understanding of the term mentor within the prehospital environment (emergency medical services or EMS) as described by nomination letters written by mentees for a newly launched prehospital mentor award.

Methods

The John Ross Paramedic Mentor Award was created in the fall of 2015 to recognize outstanding mentors in prehospital care. In the spring of 2016, nineteen nomination letters were received from registered prehospital professionals in Alberta detailing why their mentor should receive the mentor award. Written text from the nominations for this peer nominated award were analyzed using thematic and content analysis (n=19) to identify the current understanding of mentorship in EMS, desirable qualities of prehospital mentors, and what a successful mentoring relationship looks like in the prehospital environment from the perspective of mentees. Demographic data of the mentees and mentors were obtained. 

Results

Mentees and nominated mentors had varying years of experience, worked in diverse practice areas within prehospital care and represented varying scopes of practice (PCPs and ACPs). Three themes were identified from thematic analysis of the nomination letters 1) nominators seek to emulate their mentors, 2) mentors create a safe and nurturing environment, and 3) mentors act as advocates. In addition, content analysis was used to identify a number of desirable professional and personal traits of prehospital mentors.

Conclusion

This study describes the qualities of prehospital mentors and identifies a number of common elements in a successful mentoring relationship (from the perspective of the mentee). These results highlight exceptional mentoring that is already occurring within the prehospital care environment. This research has the potential to provide guidance to those who aim to support both formal and informal mentoring within the prehospital care environment.


Keywords

mentoring; mentorship; education

Full Text:

PDF

References

Alberta College of Paramedics (2015). Membership Statistics – Spring 2015 Infographic. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5hQ5Q_srhJw&feature=youtu.be

Cho, C. S., Ramanan, R. A., & Feldman, M. D. (2011). Defining the ideal qualities of mentorship: A qualitative analysis of the characteristics of outstanding mentors. The American Journal of Medicine, 124(5), 453-458. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2010.12.007

Ehrich, L. C., Hansford, B., & Tennent, L. (2004). Formal mentoring programs in education and other professions: A review of the literature. Educational Administration Quarterly, 40(4), 518-540. doi: 10.1177/0013161X04267118

Hryciw, D. H., Tangalakis, K., Supple, B., & Best, G. (2013). Evaluation of a peer mentoring program for a mature cohort of first-year undergraduate paramedic students. Advances in Physiology Education, 37(1), 80-84. dio: 10.1152/advan.00129.2012

Huot, K. (2013). Transition Support for New Graduate Paramedics. Masters of Arts in Leadership (Health) Thesis, Royal Roads University.

Huybrecht, S., Loeckx, W., Quaeyhaegens, Y., De Tobel, D., & Mistiaen, W. (2011). Mentoring in nursing education: Perceived characteristics of mentors and the consequences of mentorship. Nurse Education Today, 31(3), 274-278. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2010.10.022

Johnson, R. B. & Christensen, L. (2014). Educational Research: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Approaches (5th ed.). Los Angeles, California: Sage Publications, Inc.

Paramedic Pay It Forward Award website. (2016). John Ross Paramedic Mentor Award Criteria.

http://www.paramedicpayitforwardaward.org/mentor-form

Pointer, J. E. (2001). Experience and mentoring requirements for competence in new/inexperienced paramedics. Prehospital Emergency Care: Official Journal of the National Association of EMS Physicians and the National Association of State EMS Directors, 5(4), 379-383. Retrieved from http://login.ezproxy.library.ualberta.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=cmedm&AN=11642588&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Ross, L., & Bertucci, J. (2014). Perspectives on the pathway to paramedicine programme. Medical Education, 48(11), 1113-1114. doi:10.1111/medu.12563

Straus, S. E., Johnson, M.O., Marquez, C., & Feldman, M. D. (2013). Characteristics of Successful and Failed Mentoring Relationships: A Qualitative Study Across Two Academic Health Centers. Academic Medicine, 88(1), 1-15. doi:10.1097/ACM.0b013e31827647a0.

Tyler, M. A., & McKenzie, W. E. (2011). Mentoring first year police constables: Police mentors' perspectives. Journal of Workplace Learning, 23(8), 518-530. dio: 10.1108/13665621111174870



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32378/ijp.v3i2.135

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Cheryl Cameron

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


IJP is an Open Access journal and articles published are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (CC BY-NC). Article copyright remains with individual authors. Authors grant unrestricted copyright license to the IJP. Readers may copy, distribute, build upon, reproduce, and display the work for non-commercial purposes with the proper citation of the original work in this publication. DPLA Rights statement: http://rightsstatements.org/page/InC-NC/1.0/?language=en. The IJP supports the National Principles for Open Access Policy Statement.

Electronic ISSN: 2009-938X.

We deposit a copy of all Irish healthcare related articles with Lenus, the Irish Health Repository and eDepositIreland, ensuring a full-text copy is always available and securely stored. The IJP is also listed with DOAJGoogle ScholarScienceOpenWorldCat, Index Copernicus, OAJI and JournalTOCs.